The EQUALS Research Group – led by the UNU-CS – supports the work of the three EQUALS Coalitions. Composed of over 30 multidisciplinary experts in information gathering and analysis, the group focuses on:


• generating knowledge about the existence, causes, and remedies for gender digital inequalities


• motivating key stakeholder groups — including private sector companies, government departments, regulatory agencies, and academia — to collect and share gender-relevant data.


The United Nations University (UNU) is a global think tank and postgraduate teaching organisation headquartered in Japan. The mission of UNU is to contribute, through collaborative research and education, to efforts to resolve the pressing global problems of human survival, development and welfare that are the concern of the United Nations, its Peoples and Member States. In carrying out this mission, UNU works with leading universities and research institutes in UN Member States, functioning as a bridge between the international academic community and the United Nations system.


The United Nations University Institute on Computing and Society (UNU-CS) is a research institute at the
intersections of information and communication technologies and international development (ICTD),
addressing the key challenges faced by developing societies through high-impact innovations in computing and communication technologies.


EQUALS is a global partnership of corporate leaders, governments, non-profit organisations, communities, and individuals around the world working together to bridge gender digital inequalities. EQUALS was founded in 2016 by five partners: the International Telecommunications Union, UN Women, the International Trade Centre, GSMA, and UNU. The Partnership works to reverse the increasing gender digital divide, and to close the gap by 2030 – supporting UN Sustainable Development Goal 5 by empowering women through their use of information and communication technologies.



Araba Sey

Nancy Hafkin





Verna Crofts

Ruhiya  Seward



Lapolla Cantoni

Moon Choi

Romina Colman

Vanessa Dreier

Stefanie Felsberger

Birgit Frank


Lisa Fesalbon

Ashley Fraser

Remy Frost

Helani Galpaya

Aileen Agüero 


G. Anthony Giannoumis

Robert Grundke

Alison Gillwald

Carolina Hadad

Sarah Huggett

Sophia Huyer


Bei (Jenny) Ju

Mmaki Jantjies

Tatiana Jereissati


Don Rodney Junio


Juhee Kang

Ridhi Kashyap

Mariana Lopez

Javiera Macaya


Michael Madaio

Luca Marcolin

Melina Masnatta


Dhaval Modi

Gloria Muhoro

Sumaira Naseem

Sisa Ngabaza

Nnenna Nwakanma

Yanina Paparella

Elizabeth A. Quaglia

Nagla Rizk

Nancy Salem

Kimberly A. Scott

Rannveig Skjerve

Mariagrazia Squicciarini

Dhanaraj Thakur

Mariana Varela

Cecilia Vazquez

Lilian Eunice Volcan

Poonam Watine

Ingmar Weber

Sabrina M.


Monica Barbovschi

Michael L. Best

Tina Beyene

Ana Brandusescu


UNU-CS is grateful to the following contributors who participated in the drafting of this report as reviewers and/or provided research, administrative, and editorial support:

All EQUALS Partnership members, Aileen Aguero, Andrea Alunni, Colleen Ammerman, Michael Best, Max Bond, Francesca Borgonovi, Agustina Callegari, Claire Sommervile, Laura Cramer, Moon Choi, Helen Croxson, Lorenzo Dalvit, Geneva Damayanti, Anne Delaporte, Kim, Eunsong, Stefanie Felsberger, Lisandra Fesalbon, Maria Garrido, Urs Gasser, Anthony Giannoumis, Nancy Hafkin, Sophia Huyer, Bei (Jenny) Ju, Sara Kingsley, Janet Kwami, Therese Littleton, Mariana Lopez, Michael Madaio, Rector David Malone, Dhaval Modi, Sisa Ngabaza, Smitha Prasad, Nancy Salem, Justine Sass, Lili Shakshi, Matthew Smith, Sharada Srinivasan, Hannah Thinyane, Mamello Thinyane, Jack Qiu, Elizabeth Quaglia, Dhanaraj Thakur, Tim Unwin, Lilian Volcan, Ursula Wynhoven, Calvin Yu, Yuchao Zhao.

This report was produced with the generous support of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development.

This report was produced with the generous support of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development.

Copyediting: Clare Wolfowitz
Layout and design: Pink Globe Design Studio
Cover design: Pink Globe Design Studio

Dashboard analysis and design:  Luca Urzì  - The Information Lab Italia

Website design: Qing Huang (UNU-CS Communication team)

©2019 by EQUALS