©2019 by EQUALS

CHAPTER 1. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT ACCESS

This chapter assesses data on computer, mobile phone, internet access, and the use of digital financial services, to determine the state of gender equality in these areas.

Gender gaps exist irrespective of the overall level of digital access within a country. This is true across the four basic access indicators: computer use, mobile phone ownership, mobile phone use, and access to the internet.


Basic digital access and literacy are necessary but not sufficient conditions for women to meaningfully use ICTs. Use is not the same as ownership. The disparity between ICT use and ICT ownership indicators may be key to understanding barriers to women’s meaningful use of ICTs.

Gender gaps exist irrespective of the overall level of digital access within a country. This is true across the four basic access indicators: computer use, mobile phone ownership, mobile phone use, and access to the internet.


Basic digital access and literacy are necessary but not sufficient conditions for women to meaningfully use ICTs. Use is not the same as ownership. The disparity between ICT use and ICT ownership indicators may be key to understanding barriers to women’s meaningful use of ICTs.

Beyond basic access, there are gender differences in the use of ICTS ICTs – as seen with digital financial services. New gender divides emerge as technologies become more sophisticated, expensive, and enable more transformational uses and impacts.

CASE STUDY 1.1

SheTrades — Empowering women entrepreneurs with digital skills

businessmen-4153904_1920.jpg
woman-2051420_1920.jpg

CASE STUDY 1.2

GSMA Connected Women Initiative: Bridging the mobile gender gap