CHAPTER 11. A GENDER PERSPECTIVE ON TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND WEALTH CREATION

This chapter examines the current patent shortage among women, and explores how social innovation and support from NGOs and global development organisations can work to make technology transfer more gender inclusive.

Virtually all indicators related to gender balance in the World Intellectual Property Organisation Patent Cooperation Treaty show some degree of progress toward gender parity in recent decades. However, based on current rates of progress, gender balance in patenting will not occur until 2070.


The most significant determinant in the gender gap in technology transfer is women’s underrepresentation in patent-intensive fields (especially electrical and mechanical engineering), and in patent-intensive jobs (especially development and design).


Women with STEM degrees are only slightly more likely to patent an innovation than women without a STEM degree.

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