CHAPTER 2. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT SKILLS
As ICTs are increasingly ingrained in everyday life, the ability to make use of digital technologies has become an essential human competency. This chapter examines the state of gender gaps in basic, intermediate and advanced digital skills; and STEM education.
While science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education can provide the foundation for advanced digital skills and a career in the tech industry, girls perceive their own skill levels to be lower than boys and have less interest in the subjects. Only 35% of women pursue higher education in STEM subjects. When they do, they study natural sciences more than applied sciences related to ICT.