CHAPTER 4. THE DARK SIDE OF ICT ACCESS, SKILLS, AND LEADERSHIP

For all its advantages, the digital age comes with gender-related risks and pitfalls. This chapter reviews data and research on some of these negative manifestations, including cyber violence against women and girls; sexual harassment and gender discrimination in education, employment and public spaces; and work/life balance issues that disadvantage women. However better sex-disaggregated data is needed to examine these issues in the specific context of digital technologies.

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Greater female inclusion in ICT access, skills, and leadership could become associated with increased exposure to undesirable experiences, unless that inclusion is accompanied by corresponding changes in the social and institutional cultures that enable or tolerate negative behaviour.


Most countries have legislation against employment-related sexual harassment. However, as of 2018, the majority (65%) of reporting countries have no sexual harassment legislation for schools and 83% have no legislation covering public spaces.

A masculine-oriented work model especially prevalent in technology industries, pits work-devotion against family-devotion, which tends to disadvantage women.

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