CHAPTER 7. THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN THE DIGITAL ERA: THE ROLE OF SKILLS

This chapter examines whether women are equipped with the skills needed to navigate the digital economy. It analyses data from 31 countries to compare the returns to skills for men and women in terms of wages, and how these returns vary between digital-intensive and other industries.

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Variations in workers’ skills, both cognitive and non-cognitive, explain only part of the gender wage gap.

Men generally obtain higher returns than women for the same high-demand skills in digitally intensive sectors, but not in less digitally intensive industries.


Men on average are more likely than women to have the task-based skills that are most demanded in digital-intensive industries: managing and communication, self-organization, and advanced numeracy skills. Women are more likely than men to have specific ICT task-based skills, and they are better rewarded for them, in both digital-intensive and less digital-intensive sectors.

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