Part One reviews research and data (mostly as of June, 2018) on the three core action areas of the EQUALS Partnership: ICT Access, Skills, and Leadership. It covers trends as represented in official statistics, academic reports, and grey literature, and it assesses the availability of relevant sex-disaggregated data.
CHAPTER 2. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT SKILLS
As ICTs are increasingly ingrained in everyday life, the ability to make use of digital technologies has become an essential human competency. This chapter examines the state of gender gaps in basic, intermediate and advanced digital skills; and STEM education.
CHAPTER 4. THE DARK SIDE OF ICT ACCESS, SKILLS, AND LEADERSHIP
For all its advantages, the digital age comes with gender-related risks and pitfalls. This chapter reviews data and research on some of these negative manifestations, including cyber violence against women and girls; sexual harassment and gender discrimination in education, employment and public spaces; and work/life balance issues that disadvantage women. However better sex-disaggregated data is needed to examine these issues in the specific context of digital technologies.
CHAPTER 6. THE STATE OF
This chapter summarizes and assesses the ICT access, skills, and leadership indicators covered in this report against three criteria: conceptual clarity, established methodology, and regularity of data collection (based on the three tiers of the UN’s Minimum Set of Gender Indicators).
CHAPTER 1. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT ACCESS
This chapter assesses data on computer, mobile phone, internet access, and the use of digital financial services, to determine the state of gender equality in these areas.
CHAPTER 3. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT INDUSTRY LEADERSHIP
This chapter draws on existing research and data to explore the state of
women’s employment in the ICT workforce, contribution to the industry as entrepreneurs, and inclusion in ICT policymaking.
CHAPTER 5. BARRIERS TO GENDER DIGITAL EQUALITY
This chapter compiles literature and research on barriers to gender digital equality and recommendations for dealing with the barriers.
There is no single conclusive strategy for eliminating gender digital inequalities. Recommendations actions range from targeting specific contributing factors (such as affordability or recruiting practices) to reshaping deeply ingrained social norms and practices (such as gender stereotypes) that are at the root of gender inequalities.