Gender Equality in ICT Access, Skills, and Leadership
Despite some progress in gender equality over the years, gender digital gaps exist irrespective of a country’s overall ICT access levels, socio-economic status, or geographic location.
Gender digital divides widen as technologies become more sophisticated, expensive, and enable more transformational uses and impacts.
On average, women are less likely than men to have basic and advanced digital skills, and to study computing and engineering subjects.
Women’s representation remains low across different dimensions of ICT employment, entrepreneurship, and policymaking.
There is a severe lack of official gender-disaggregated data on most ICT-related topics. Indicators are conceptually unclear, lack an agreed methodology, and are not regularly collected by most countries.
PART ONE: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Part One reviews research and data (mostly as of June, 2018) on the three core action areas of the EQUALS Partnership: ICT Access, Skills, and Leadership. It covers trends as represented in official statistics, academic reports, and grey literature, and it assesses the availability of relevant sex-disaggregated data.
PART TWO: PEOPLE, SKILLS AND PATHWAY
Part Two of the report comprises independently authored chapters by members of the EQUALS Research Group. It brings together theoretical perspectives and research data on themes to broaden our understanding of pathways to gender equality in the digital age, outlining potential agendas for the Partnership. These themes fall into three broad categories: People, Digital Skills, and Pathways.