EQUALS REPORT

Gender Equality in ICT Access, Skills, and Leadership

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Despite some progress in gender equality over the years, gender digital gaps exist irrespective of a country’s overall ICT access levels, socio-economic status, or geographic location.

SKILLS

ACCESS

Gender digital divides widen as technologies become more sophisticated, expensive, and enable more transformational uses and impacts.

On average, women are less likely than men to have basic and advanced digital skills, and to study computing and engineering subjects.

LEADERSHIP

Women’s representation remains low across different dimensions of ICT employment, entrepreneurship, and policymaking.

RESEARCH

There is a severe lack of official gender-disaggregated data on most ICT-related topics. Indicators are conceptually unclear, lack an agreed methodology, and are not regularly collected by most countries.

PART ONE: GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE

Part One reviews research and data (mostly as of June, 2018) on the three core action areas of the EQUALS Partnership: ICT Access, Skills, and Leadership. It covers trends as represented in official statistics, academic reports, and grey literature, and it assesses the availability of relevant sex-disaggregated data.

iStock-587517930_edited.jpg

CHAPTER 1. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT ACCESS

Open Laptop_edited.jpg

CHAPTER 2. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT SKILLS

58d56a74d349f95f008b6db5-750-563.jpg

CHAPTER 3. GENDER EQUALITY IN ICT INDUSTRY LEADERSHIP

cyber-harcelement-498x281.jpg

CHAPTER 4. THE DARK SIDE OF ICT ACCESS, SKILLS, AND LEADERSHIP

image-20151120-17530-3hn24h.jpg

CHAPTER 5. BARRIERS TO GENDER DIGITAL EQUALITY

4.PNG

CHAPTER 6. THE STATE OF
SEX-DISAGGREGATED DATA

PART TWO: PEOPLE, SKILLS AND PATHWAY

Part Two of the report comprises independently authored chapters by members of the EQUALS Research Group. It brings together theoretical perspectives and research data on themes to broaden our understanding of pathways to gender equality in the digital age, outlining potential agendas for the Partnership. These themes fall into three broad categories: People, Digital Skills, and Pathways.

PEOPLE

Most approaches to women and ICT do not consider the contexts of different types of people. But technology does not exist in a vacuum; it is embedded in society. Technology has social impact, functions in social contexts and is shaped by social factors. The People section examines how technology impacts society through inclusion or exclusion of people in various groups — on the basis of gender (in all its varieties), age, disability, and geographical location. The papers in this section cover a range of factors: gender variance in relation to technology; North vs. South differences in the gender digital gap; the participation and use of technology by female children, youth and women with disabilities; and the potential for women’s empowerment in rural areas through access to ICTs
Chapter: 1-5

1.PNG

CHAPTER 1. GENDER VARIANCE AND THE GENDER DIGITAL DIVIDE

2.PNG

CHAPTER 2. TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING THE DIGITAL GENDER GAP IN THE GLOBAL SOUTH

hand-1917895_1920.png

CHAPTER 3. TECHNOLOGIES AND YOUTH

3.PNG

CHAPTER 4. ACCESSIBILITY, INTERSECTIONALITY, AND UNIVERSAL DESIGN

4.PNG

CHAPTER 5. ICT IN A CHANGING CLIMATE: A PATH TO GENDER-TRANSFORMATIVE FOOD SECURITY

james-pond-185593-unsplash.jpg

CHAPTER 6. THE ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN CLOSING STEM EDUCATION GAPS

james-pond-185593-unsplash.jpg

CHAPTER 7. THE GENDER WAGE GAP IN THE DIGITAL ERA: THE ROLE OF SKILLS

james-pond-185593-unsplash.jpg

CHAPTER 8. SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AND YOUNG WOMEN’S WORK IN THE CALL CENTRE INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA

james-pond-185593-unsplash.jpg

CHAPTER 9. A GENDER PERSPECTIVE ON SECURITY AND PRIVACY IN THE DIGITAL AGE

21.PNG

CHAPTER 10. 
INVESTIGATING EMPOWERING NARRATIVES AROUND WOMEN, WORK, AND TECHNOLOGY

22.PNG

CHAPTER 11. A GENDER PERSPECTIVE ON TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND WEALTH CREATION

23.PNG

CHAPTER 12. “HELLO SIRI, HOW DOES THE PATRIARCHY INFLUENCE YOU?”

©2019 by EQUALS